But social protests by workers, artisans, women and students for domestic social development, citizens’ rights and political participation continued even as the Arab state grew more repressive.The 1980s saw waves of wildcat strikes and street protests in Morocco, Sudan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Jordan and Egypt protesting cutbacks in consumer commodity subsidies, price rises, pay cuts and layoffs — developments largely associated with the IMF-recommended structural adjustment programs.
These movements are pluralistic in constituencies, pursue new ways of mobilizing (such as boycott campaigns, cyber-activities and protest art) and are weary of the traditional party politics. Certainly there is the long-building youth bulge and thes pread of new information technology (Internet, e-mail, Facebook, You Tube, Twitter, and especially satellite TV like Al Jazeera). Vorstellungsgespräch Met with a manager one on one. Vorstellungsgespräch absolviert im Dezember 2016 bei Amazon (Rialto, CA (Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika)).There is a long history of such "street" politics in the Arab world.Popular movements arose to oppose colonial domination as in Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon during the late 1950s after Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.
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The social structure throughout the region is changing rapidly.There is an explosion of mass educational institutions which produce higher levels of literacy and education, thus enhancing the class of educated populace.The unsuccessful tripartite aggression by Britain, France, and Israel in October 1956 to reclaim control of the canal caused an outpouring of popular protests in Arab countries in support of Egypt. The turbulent years following 1956 were probably the last for a major pan-Arab solidarity movement until the pro-Palestinian wave of 2002.Frustrated youth are now rapidly moving to exploit these new resources to assert themselves and to mobilize.
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For instance, Egyptian youth used Facebook to mobilize some 70,000 mostly educated youth who made calls for free speech, economic welfare, and the elimination of corruption.
Triggered by a fatal accident caused by an Israeli truck driver, and against the backdrop of years of occupation, the uprising included almost all of the Palestinian population, in particular women and children, who resorted to non-violent methods of resistance to the occupation, such as civil disobedience, strikes, demonstrations, withholding taxes, and product boycotts.
Led mainly by the local (vis exiled) leaders, the movement built on popular committees (e.g., women’s, voluntary work, and medical relief) to sustain itself, while serving as the embryonic institutions of a future independent Palestinian state.
More recently, the ‘Cedar Revolution,’ a grassroots movement of some 1.5 million Lebanese from all walks of life demanding a meaningful sovereignty, democracy, and an end to foreign meddling, resulted in the withdrawal of Syrian forces from Lebanon in 2005.
The Iranian Green wave, a pervasive democracy movement that emerged following the 2009 fraudulent presidential elections, has served as a prelude to what are now the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia and the current uprising in the streets of Egypt.